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What roofing material is most energy efficient?

by: Kirsten Land on April 16th, 2019 about Residential Roofing

 You can have a roof covered by asphalt shingles, metal, slate, clay tiles, and more. But which material is the most energy efficient? If solar tiles or a “green” roof are allowed by your homeowner’s association, they may be able to offset energy costs while working to protect your roof. 

However, there are other ways to save on energy when it comes to your roof. 

Types of roofing material

  1. Shake (wooden) shingles – Shake shingles are durable as far as high wind and strong storms are concerned, but they may rot if they absorb too much moisture.
  2. Asphalt shingles – Asphalt shingles, which are the most popular choice, have been some of the least efficient systems in the past. But as technology progresses, so does the efficiency of these shingles.
  3. Metal – A metal roof is lightweight, reflective, and lasts a long time, but it can be easily dented by hail and debris and may get annoying to replace since it’s installed in large sections.
  4. Slate – Slate is naturally occurring like clay but is more durable.
  5. Tile (clay or concrete) – Clay tile is very energy efficient, but it’s better suited to dry climates because it tends to absorb water. Clay tile will also shatter when struck by hail in cold weather.
  6. White TPO, PVC, or elastomeric coatings – These coatings for commercial roofs are very reflective and can increase the lifespan of a roof.

The basics of energy efficient roofing

A roof is efficient when it reflects the sun’s radiation and blocks out heat. Different materials do this in different ways. A metal roof will get extremely hot under the summer sun, but underneath the surface, the roof remains cool because of the metal’s reflectivity. 

In contrast, a concrete roof will not reflect as well as a metal roof, but the material itself will remain relatively cool and not allow the home to absorb extra heat. 

Currently, the more energy efficient roofs are made of slate, clay, or metal. But asphalt shingles are now being made with more reflective composites, which increases their energy efficiency.

Choosing an energy efficient roof

If you’re debating your options for an energy efficient roof, ask your roofer for their recommendation! We have seen countless roofs over the years and are well-equipped to answer that question. 

Ask your roofer, “What is the best roofing material for me?” Where you live, the style of your home, and your budget will all impact the answer to that question. 

If you have any further questions about roofing, feel free to get in contact by calling 405-359-3951 or emailing us at info@landroofingokc.com.

Posted in Residential Roofing       Comments: None

Why is my flat roof leaking?

by: Kirsten Land on April 2nd, 2019 about Commercial Roofing, Roofing Advice

 When a flat roof starts to leak, many people will simply think water is pooling on top of the building. But standing water is just one of many factors that can contribute to a leaky flat roof. 

That being said, it is a good idea to check for leaks and pooling water on a flat roof after heavy rains. As a roof settles and changes shape over time, the chances of standing water increase. Standing water puts extra pressure on the roof and deteriorates the roofing materials.

Many issues may result from a settling and aging roof: flashing leaks, buckling, or alligatoring. Yes, alligatoring.

Flashing

Flashing is the material used to seal off the area between any flat roof surface and any non-flat surface on the roof. Basically, it covers the gaps and cracks at the edges of things on your roof. Over time, a roof’s flashing may start to pull away, peel up, crack, or tear which can lead to leaks and moisture seeping into the building below.

Buckling

Buckling relates to the asphalt membrane of the roof, and it’s another issue that arises due to excessive movement from a settling roof over time. As a roof gets older, the asphalt membrane may wrinkle or buckle. A buckled roof is not a healthy roof, and it’s a sign that your roof needs maintenance.

Alligatoring

This happens when asphalt used on a roof wears out and starts to crack and bubble and take on an appearance that resembles the bumpy skin of an alligator. A roof alligator can’t bite you, but if you ignore the issue, it will certainly feel painful one way or another.

A professionally installed flat roof can last anywhere from 15 to 30 years. But there are obviously many factors that can impact the health of your roof. High amounts of rain, wind, ice, hail, and flying debris will eventually harm any roof. 

The best approach to prevent leaks in a flat roof is to monitor the status of your roof. If you are concerned by something you see as a potential problem, have leaking issues, want to start a maintenance program, or just have some questions, feel free to contact us for a consultation.

Posted in Commercial Roofing, Roofing Advice       Comments: None

Roof damage can be more than just shingles

by: Kirsten Land on March 19th, 2019 about Residential Roofing

 It’s important to monitor the condition of your roof, as small areas of damage can quickly become major problems. If there’s been severe weather in your area recently, it’s a good idea to get your roof checked.  

Even if there hasn’t been severe weather, a regular inspection from a qualified roofing company can help keep your roof in great shape. Here are a few things we look for when taking preventative measures.

Cleaning

Your yard and roof should be clear of any twigs, leaves, branches, and anything else that could potentially clog up a gutter. Loose debris can also cause damage to a roof when blown around by very strong winds. 

Shingles

Shingles can be damaged in a multitude of ways: curling, cupping, flaking, tearing, splitting, and blistering. Basically, watch out for any shingles that don’t look normal. If an edge has lifted, the corners are curling up off the roof, or anything looks like it is broken, that area’s effectiveness may be compromised.

Roof vents and beyond

Your roof is made up of more than just the shingles. Roof vents can also become damaged or rusted and allow water to seep into your home. Areas where the roof level changes can also be a source of leaks if damaged. Any teeth marks, scratches, or holes in your housing material are signs of an animal taking up residence.

Maintenance 

Land Enterprises Roofing offers preventative maintenance for both commercial and residential roofing. Twice a year, we will inspect your roof for any signs of damage. With a regular inspection and routine maintenance, you can ensure the good health of your roof. 

There are things you can do yourself to make sure your roof is safe, but ultimately, a professional roofer that you trust should take a look if you suspect any damage has occurred.

For more information regarding roofing, inspections, and maintenance, please contact us as info@landroofingokc.com or call 405-359-3951.

Posted in Residential Roofing       Comments: None

Preparing for stormy weather

by: Kirsten Land on March 5th, 2019 about Roofing Advice

As the seasons change, so do weather patterns. You need to make sure your roof is prepared to handle any of the extreme or bizarre conditions that Mother Nature may throw your way. 

Here are several steps to take to make sure you are in the best position to handle the weather this year.

Insurance and warranties

Your home insurance and roof warranty can be a challenge to keep track of sometimes. While shingle warranties can last up to 50 years, they generally only cover material imperfections. And a manufacturer may choose to void a warranty if you can’t prove that proper maintenance has been done.

You should also read your insurance policy or call your insurance agent to understand what kind of protection your home has. Ask about things like fire, hail damage, wind, and falling trees/branches. Also ask if leaks are covered by your insurance.

Remember, Land Enterprises Roofing will work with your insurance company if you need to file a claim.

Cleaning and upkeep of your roof

There are a few things you can do to minimize risks to your roof and home. The first step is cleaning out your gutters. Get a ladder and some gloves and make sure water flow won’t be blocked by debris. While you are up there, you can take a closer look at your roof for any signs of peeling, lifting, or missing shingles. 

You should also look into trimming trees that hang near or over your house. Take care to keep your property clean of any trash or branches as well. Strong winds can pick up surprisingly heavy things and throw them onto your roof.

Keep an eye on the weather, as you may have to alter your cleaning schedule if storms are predicted within a few days.

As always, take the necessary safety precautions whenever you’re using a ladder or are climbing on your roof. 

Ongoing roof maintenance

If you are worried about leaks and roof damage, we offer preventative maintenance plans to keep your roof in great shape. We offer plans for both residential and commercial roofing needs.

To learn more about our roof maintenance plans or ask another roofing question, please call us at 405-359-3951 or send an email to info@landroofingokc.com.

Posted in Roofing Advice       Comments: None

How long will my roof last?

by: Kirsten Land on February 19th, 2019 about Roofing Advice

No one likes having to pay for home repairs, especially when it comes to the more expensive parts of your home like a new roof.

Roofing isn’t cheap, but a well-applied roof should last for a long time. Here in Oklahoma, though, we have a unique set of circumstances that can shorten the lifespan of your roof.

Let’s take a look at life expectancies for different roofing materials, some factors that can shorten those, and how to know when it’s time to get your roof replaced.

Shingles

Most of the roofs in Oklahoma are made of various types of shingles. The lowest grade of shingle is three-tab, which is not used a lot in Oklahoma because of the very low wind rating. They’re the ones that look completely rectangular, which you may have seen on trailer homes. These can last from ten to twenty years, but in windy areas or areas with high temperature variance, the lifespan can be dramatically shorter.

Most houses in this area have architectural or dimensional shingles, which are made of multiple shingle layers. They’re more durable than three-tab and have a higher wind rating, which makes them the most cost-effective choice for many Oklahoma roofing applications. They usually last from fifteen to 25 years.

Finally there are premium shingles, which are used on higher-end homes. These are thicker and fancier-looking, and they can last from twenty to 30 years. Some also have special properties like reflectivity or impact resistance, which can help cushion against the worst environmental factors that shorten the life of a roof.

Metal

There are multiple different kinds of metal roofing, including standing seam, ribbed metal, and metal shingle. These are all very durable with ribbed metal occasionally lasting a little shorter time depending on the installation method. In general, metal roofs should last between 30 and 50 years.

Tile

Tile roofs aren’t often seen in Oklahoma. They require more bracing to deal with the weight of the roof, but if your home can stand it, they have very good durability. Clay tile roofs can last anywhere from 50 to 100 years. Concrete tile comes in slightly lower at 40 to 75 years.

Other roofing materials

Slate is one of the best and most expensive roofing materials with very high durability. It can last between 50 and 100 years.

Composite shingle systems can last between 30 and 50 years, but those systems cost more than regular shingle roofs.

Cedar shingle or shake roofs are more common on the coasts, and they’re designed to last twenty to 35 years. They require some maintenance, however, and can last longer if properly taken care of. Wind uplift ratings depend fairly heavily on installation.

There are some other options for flat roofs, but those are typically found in commercial roofs rather than residential applications.

What can shorten the lifespan of my roof?

Oklahoma isn’t a great place to live if you’re a roof. Wind is one of the worst offenders for tearing up a roof, and high winds are common here. In addition, the frequent temperature fluctuations cause the shingles to expand and contract, which causes cracks to form over time. Ice can form in these cracks in the winter months and cause the cracks to expand. Proper installation can help, but roof lifespans in Oklahoma tend to be short.

How can I tell if my shingle roof needs to be replaced?

There are quite a few signs that can indicate it’s time to replace your roof:

 Cupped or curled shingle edges

 Bald spots without granules

 Visible cracks

 Age or visible wear

Another key sign that your roof might need to be replaced is when your neighbors are getting new roofs. Most homes in a neighborhood are built around the same time, and the roofs will begin to wear out around the same time as well.

If you think your roof is approaching the end of its life, call us at 405-359-3951 or send an email to info@landroofingokc.com to schedule a free roof inspection.

Posted in Roofing Advice       Comments: None

What if your roof didn’t just protect your house but also helped power it? That's the idea behind the solar roof, an innovation that's slowly starting to catch on in the United States.

Solar panels on the roof are not a new idea-they've been around for years. But recently some companies are working to make the solar roof more accessible. Solar shingles are a new development that help a solar roof look much more like a regular roof as compared to bulky solar panels.

What are solar shingles?

Solar shingles, also known as “building-integrated photovoltaics” or BIPVs, are designed to make solar roofs more cost-effective and more unobtrusive. There are a few different options on the market from companies like CertainTeed, Forward, SunTegra, and Atlantis. They all function on the same general principle though.

Though some manufacturers have toyed with other technologies, most of the solar shingles are made up of silicon solar cells. Shingles tend to be slightly less energy-efficient than the equivalent square footage in panels, mainly because no air can circulate under the solar cell. They have the benefit of blending in with the regular roof though. Some (including CertainTeed's) can be installed directly onto roofing felt, while others go on top of an existing roof.

What other solar roof options exist?

There are some manufacturers who offer other solar options, too. These include both fixed and flexible solar panels. These are usually slightly cheaper than solar shingles, but they need to be installed on top of an existing roof and directly screwed to the rafters or trusses.

Is it worth the cost?

The answer to that question depends on where you live. Solar roofs are not cheap-they usually come in between three and six dollars a watt. In some states like Massachusetts and California, there are tax credits and incentives that can help offset the cost. There is a 30 percent federal income tax incentive that applies anywhere as well.

Once they're installed, though, they can be surprisingly durable. Most solar tile companies offer a warranty between 25 and 30 years, with some offering an even longer warranty.

If a solar installation were to be damaged by a hail or wind storm, it should be covered by insurance, but it's worth checking with your insurance agent before investing in a solar roof.

Solar roofs in Oklahoma

Land Enterprises Roofing offers solar roof installations for CertainTeed, and we personally have a backup solar system at our house. Here in Oklahoma where wind and sun are common commodities, renewable energy can cut your bills back by a fair amount. In the case of an ice storm or tornado that knocks power out for a couple of days, a solar roof can be a nice alternative to a generator.

If you'd like to learn more about solar roofs, there's an excellent piece on EnergySage that lays out the basics. Interested in discussing a solar roof? Call 405-359-3951 or send an email to info@landroofingokc.com, and we can see if a solar roof is the right fit for you.

Posted in Residential Roofing, Roofing Advice       Comments: None

Roof maintenance tips for winter

by: Kirsten Land on January 22nd, 2019 about Roofing Advice

Winter weather is tough on any roofing system and can result in leaks, water damage, missing and broken shingles, or damage to flashing and underlayment. Here are a four ways you can protect your roof from harsh winter weather.

Clean your gutters

Clean your gutters to remove any leaves, twigs, and other debris. Your gutters are an important part of protecting your roof because they allow water and melting snow to drain properly. If they’re clogged and water can’t drain, you could end up with leaks, water damage, and even mold or mildew.

Trim nearby trees

Most Oklahomans are pretty familiar with ice storms, and you’ve probably seen what happens when trees are coated in half an inch of ice. If those tree limbs snap under the weight of ice or snow, it can cause serious damage to your roof.

It’s a good idea to trim back any branches that are hanging over your home. It reduces the chance of broken limbs falling on your roof during winter weather, and it also reduces the amount of leaves that can collect on your roof and in your gutters. Normally, you would want to do this in the fall. However, you can still trim low-hanging tree limbs in the winter.

Insulate and ventilate your attic

While your attic may seem like an empty area or perhaps extra storage space, it also serves an important role in allowing heat to escape from your home. But that only happens if the attic is properly insulated and ventilated. In the absence of proper insulation and ventilation, hot air rises and creates condensation, which can lead to further problems. The excess heat in the attic can also cause snow on the roof to melt. If it’s cold enough for that melting snow to refreeze, it can create ice dams and cause serious leaks.

Schedule an inspection

A roof inspection helps prepare your roof for winter and can identify small issues to be fixed before snow and ice arrives. It could mean the difference between a quick fix and pricier repairs in the future.

Call us to schedule your first roof maintenance plan visit and start protecting your home today.

Posted in Roofing Advice       Comments: None

How to prevent algae on your roof

by: Kirsten Land on January 8th, 2019 about Roofing Advice

Many homeowners are unaware algae can grow on your roof, but it’s becoming more of an issue. You can see it driving down almost any street, no matter how nice or how new the homes are. Algae isn’t mold, mildew, moss, or tree sap. It’s actually tiny bacteria that produces a dark material to protect itself from the sun.

What makes algae hard to stop is that the bacteria travels on the wind. The more humid the area, the more you can have algae growing on your roof. While algae does very little damage to your roof, it can leave unsightly stains and discoloration. Not to mention it can really hurt the value of your home.

Here are a few ways to help prevent algae from growing on your roof. Before you attempt to clear the algae, it is a good idea to consult with a roofing professional to have your roof inspected and treated properly.

Buy algae-resistant shingles

Recently, many roofing manufacturers have noticed algae growing on roofs, especially in more humid areas. To combat this issue, manufacturers began mixing copper granules into roofing products to produce algae-resistant shingles. While these shingles aren’t always used, they are available and can be a good choice for roofs in areas with high humidity.

Clean with chemicals

While algae stains aren’t pretty, they can be removed using a variety of cleaning products that also help keep the algae from growing back for a while. However, it’s important to use caution when using chemicals on your roof, as you don’t want to void the manufacturer’s warranty on your shingles by using the wrong product.

If cleaning your roof with chemicals, be sure to use proper safety equipment, including safety goggles, rubber gloves, safety rope, slip-resistant shoes, and the right ladder.

Algae prevention

In order to keep algae from returning once your roof is clean, you can install a strip of copper or zinc coated sheet metal along each side of the roof just below the ridge. Copper and galvanized sheet metal are available in rolls of various widths and thickness and can be found at your local metal or hardware store or purchased online.

When it comes to algae or other stains on your roof, there are some do-it-yourself options, but we always recommend having a professional come out to inspect your roof to ensure you don’t cause unwanted damage in your attempts to clean it yourself. Contact us today to schedule a free roof inspection.

Posted in Roofing Advice       Comments: None

A guide to roof insulation

by: Kirsten Land on December 18th, 2018 about Roofing Advice

With winter bearing down on us all, now may be a fine time to peek into the attic to check on your insulation.

A well-insulated roof evenly distributes warmth throughout a home, cuts down on heating costs, and prevents ice dams. Some experts have estimated that new insulation saves anywhere from 10% to 50% on heating bills. Plus, good insulation means cool air stays inside during the hot summer months.

Types of insulation

If you are not sure what you have, you can always talk to a professional, but here are some ways to identify your current insulation type.

1. Loose fill

Loose fill insulation is either spread out or blown into place. It is usually used for attics with irregular joist spacing (not 16 or 24 inches), obstructions, or to fill gaps and cover existing material. Common materials include fiberglass, cellulose, and mineral wool.

  • Fiberglass is the lightest material, but it requires a thicker layer to work properly. It’s typically yellow, white, or brown.
  • Cellulose is the most common, but it should not be allowed to absorb any moisture due to the risk of mold and mildew. Cellulose insulation tends to look gray or brown.
  • Mineral wool is naturally fire resistant, but it is more expensive. It looks gray or white and can mimic long, stringy wool.

2. Rolls

These are the thick, flexible strips of material referred to as “batts.” They work best when joist spacing is a standard width and there is plenty of headroom for the installation process. Common materials include fiberglass, cellulose, mineral wool, and cotton.

  • Fiberglass is very commonly used. It may be a mild skin and lung irritant if touched, and it does not hamper airflow as well as other materials.
  • Cellulose is treated for insect and fire resistance. However, it is not produced by all manufacturers.
  • Mineral wool is naturally fire resistant, but it is more expensive.
  • Cotton blocks airflow and sound, but it is more expensive than other options.

R-Values

R-value refers to how much is required to meet a standard level of insulation. The recommended R-value target for Oklahoma ranges from R30 to R49. This means that if a material’s R-value is three, then ten inches of insulation would be required to meet the minimum value of R30.

The manufacturer should be able to give you more information about the R-value, and so can the professional you hire to install your new insulation. If you should decide to do the installation yourself, there is much more to consider. This Old House has a helpful guide if that is the case.

If you notice any potential roofing issues, give us a call at 405-359-3951 or send an email to info@landroofingokc.com for a free inspection or estimate.

Posted in Roofing Advice       Comments: None

Lights! Christmas! Action!

by: Kirsten Land on December 4th, 2018 about General

It’s that time of year, and the holiday season is upon us. If you haven’t already, now is the time to hang the lights, blow up the snowmen, and really show your neighbors who has the most holiday spirit! But before you get started, here are a few things to remember.

1. Measure what you need

If you are in a new home or are planning different decorations than previous years, you will want to get out a tape measure and make sure you have what is necessary to fill the space. Look at where the lights will be hung and ask yourself what kind of clips would be best.

Maybe you want to wrap a tree or bush in lights this year. A rule of thumb is 100 lights for every foot and a half of tree. So a six-foot-tall tree would need 400 lights on the strand. You could also invest in net lights for the bushes and shrubs and just drape the lights over the top.

2. Get the right color

Not all lights look the same. White LED bulbs tend to shine blue while white incandescent bulbs look more yellow. Match what you already have if you need to buy more. You can also mix the color of lights you’re hanging. For example, all the gutter lights on your home could be white icicle lights while all the trees or bushes are multicolored.

3. Safety

This is probably the most important tip. Stay safe!

  • Follow proper safety precautions when using a ladder.
  • When using lights outdoors, only use lights rated for outdoor use. It should be clearly marked on the packaging.
  • Aways use UL-approved extension cords for outdoor use. Never use any lights or cordage with fraying or exposed wires.
  • Turn off your lights during the day and when you’re out of town.

When putting your design together, go into it with a plan. Start at a focal point, like the front door or the walkway leading to it, and spread out evenly from there. Don’t forget to have fun with it!

If you notice any potential issues on your roof while you are decorating, give us a call at 405-359-3951 or send an email to info@landroofingokc.com for a free inspection or estimate.

Posted in General       Comments: None

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